Personality Disorder is a mental disorder which leads towards unhealthy thought patterns of perceiving, judgment, reasoning, thinking and behaving. People having personality disorder has issues in perceiving things and relating those things to situations and people. Personality disorder may occur in teenage or early adulthood. It becomes a disorder when it interferes and worsens the situations of daily life. It affects your relationships and professional life. People suffering from personality disorders have difficulty in dealing with everyday stresses, problems and control their emotions. People with personality disorder have difficulty in realization of their problem, according to them their thoughts and behaviors are normal and they blame other people for their problems.
Different Types of Personality Disorder
Personality Disorders are divided into three clusters that are mentioned below.
Cluster A Personality Disorders
Cluster A is composed of odd, strange and irregular thought patterns and behaviors.
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Paranoid personality disorder
- Distrust or difficulty in trusting others.
- Belief that others are trying to harm or deceive you.
- Suspicious about others
- Doubt on loyalty or trustworthiness of others
- Irrational fear that others will use the information against you
- Angry and Hostile behavior without justification due to lack of trust.
- Propensity to hold grudges
- Recurrent intuition that your sexual partner is unfaithful
Schizoid personality disorder
- Like to be alone
- Lack of interest in social or personal relationships
- Lack of emotional expressions
- Lack of interest in activities
- indifferent to others
- Lack of interest in sexual life.
- Fear of closeness and intimacy to others
- Daydreamer rather than taking actions
Schizotypal personality disorder
- Unusual thoughts, beliefs, behaviors and speech
- Odd perceptual experiences, such as hearing a voice someone is whispering your name.
- Flat emotions or inappropriate emotional responses
- Anxiety in social situations
- Discomfort with close ones
- Different, awkward, inappropriate or suspicious response to others
- Belief that some incidents or events have hidden messages meant only for you.
- Believe that you can see future, reads others mind and influence people and events with your thoughts.
- Difficulty in forming relationships.
- May talk to themselves
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Cluster B is composed of people that are dramatic, overly emotional or having unpredictable thinking or behavior.
- Antisocial personality disorder
- Aggressive and violent behaviors
- Impulsive behavior
- Irresponsible behavior
- Disrespecting others
- Repeated violation of the rights of others
- Disregard for the safety of self or others
- Violent relationships
Borderline personality disorder
- Impulse and Risky behaviors
- Unstable/poor self image
- Mood fluctuations
- Suicidal behaviors, threats to self injury
- Intense fear of being alone
- Feelings of emptiness
- Intense Displays of anger
Histrionic personality disorder
- Attention Seekers
- Emotional Dramatic
- Easily influenced by others
- Speaks dramatically with strong opinions
- Shallow, changing emotions
- Conscious about physical appearance
Narcissistic personality disorder
- Belief that you’re special and more important than others
- Fantasies about power, success and attractiveness
- Failure to recognize others’ needs and feelings
- Exaggeration of achievements or talents
- Expectation of praise and admiration.
- Unreasonable favors from others
Cluster C personality disorders
Cluster C is composed of people that are anxious and fearful thinking and behavior.
- Avoidant personality disorder
- Over sensitive about rejection or criticism
- Avoiding new activities
- Avoid meeting strangers
- Extreme shyness in social situations
- Lack of expressions in personal relationships
Dependent personality disorder
- Extreme dependence on others to get care
- Lack of self confidence
- Confused Decisions
- Excessive advice and reassurance from others
- Difficulty disagreeing with others
- Urgent need to start a new relationship when a close one has ended
- Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
- Rigid and stubborn
- Inflexible about morality, ethics or values
- Tight, miserly control over budgeting and spending money
- Shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion
- Having difficulty in making and maintaining relationships.
- Difficult to express feelings.